PlaySafe AT Home: Common Sport Injuries



Know the Basics

  • Sprain: a stretched or torn ligament

  • Strain: a stretched or torn muscle

  • Acute injuries: Acute injuries result from a sudden trauma such as a fall or collision

-Treated with R.I.C.E. Rest. Ice. Compression. Elevation.

  • Overuse injuries: Overuse injuries are caused by repeated movements and the body does not have time to heal.

-DO NOT IGNORE THE FOLLOWING SIGNS:

  • pain that increases with activity

  • swelling

  • decreased range of motion


Common Injuries in your sport

-Basketball

  • Ankle sprains

  • Knee injuries

-Gymnastics

  • Achilles tendonitis

  • ACL sprains

  • Wrist sprains

  • Shoulder injuries

-Football

  • Ankle sprains

  • Concussions

  • Knee injuries

  • Shoulder injuries

-Baseball/softball

  • Pitcher’s elbow

  • Rotator cuff injuries

  • Hamstring strain

-Lacrosse

  • Ankle sprains

  • Knee injuries

  • Muscles strains in the hamstrings, groin, and quadriceps

  • Shin splints

-Running

  • Ankle sprains

  • Runner’s knee

  • Shin splints

-Soccer

  • Achilles tendonitis

  • Knee injuries

  • Concussions

  • Muscle strains in hamstring and groin

-Swimming

  • Rotator cuff injuries

  • Knee injuries

  • Bicep tendonitis

-Volleyball

  • Ankle sprains

  • Finger fractures, dislocations, sprains, and strains

  • Patellar tendonitis

  • Rotator cuff tendonitis

-Tennis

  • Rotator cuff injuries

  • Elbow tendonitis

  • Calf strains


How to prevent sports injuries

  • Get a preseason physical and follow your doctor’s recommendations.

  • Properly warm-up before each practice and game.

  • Always wear protective gear that fits properly and use equipment that is appropriate for your sport.

  • Make sure playing fields and environments are safe and well-maintained.

  • Increase training gradually over time and cross train to strengthen different muscle groups.

  • Practice safe techniques for your sport.

  • Seek timely medical care for injuries. Do not play through the pain, because this could make the injury worse.


SOURCES: Hopkins Medicine


Blog information by: Zoey Forrester, ATC


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